The Second National Communication on Climate Change in Montenegro

17 Jun 2015

The purpose of this report is to update and supplement information provided in the Initial National Communication on Climate Change to UNFCCC, and particularly chapters on national circumstances, national GHG inventory, policies and measures for climate change mitigation, vulnerability to climate change and steps taken to adapt to climate change impact, including information that should contribute to raising public awareness on climate change and information related to education, training, research and development in this field and other relevant data.


  • Climate monitoring and assessments show that the Montenegrin climate has changed as a result of global climate change as well as variability. The clearest indicators include: a significant increase of air temperature, an increase in sea surface temperature and in average sea levels, changes in extreme weather and in climatic events.
  • The following changes in extreme weather and climatic events were observed up to 2010: a) Frequent, extremely high maximum and minimum temperatures; b) More frequent and longer heat waves; c) Increase in the number of very warm days and nights; d) Fewer frosty days and very cold days and nights; e) More frequent droughts; f) Increase in the number of wildfires; g) Dry periods followed by heavy precipitation; h) More frequent storms (cyclones) during colder parts of the year; i) Fewer consecutive days with rain; j) Fewer days with heavy precipitation; k) Increase in the intensity of precipitation; l) Reduced total annual snowfall.

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