6 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty

Where we are

Art work created in July 2010 in Bijelo Polje, Montenegro. During the Art Colony, organized by the UN System in Montenegro, around 40 artists from Europe depicted and sculpted the pain of poverty.


Reduce relative poverty and other poverty dimensions


The overall poverty rate increased in 2011, as well as its depth and severity. Poverty rate increased from 6.6 % in 2010 to 9.3% in 2011. Available indicators of the changes in the average wages and consumption in 2011 show that the increase in poverty rate is expected result of unfavourable economic trends. Poverty gap, as an indicator of poverty depth, increased from 1.1% in 2010 to 2.0% in 2011. Severity of poverty also increased in this reporting period in 2011 and it amounts to 0.7%, which is more than double the last year's figure.

In order to achieve the targeted values of the indicators within the four targets of the Goal 1, Montenegro should:

  • Work on the growth of its economic activities and competitiveness of economy, which will ultimately lead to the generation of new jobs;
  • Continue the implementation of the labour market reform according to the European legislation with a view to increasing flexibility in the labour market;
  • Reduce grey economy;
  • Improve protection of the poor, given the fact that the primary purpose of social care is to ensure the minimum of social security to the poor and to the population at risk;
  • Re-examine the amount of material benefits from the aspect of the funds required to meet the basic needs;
  • Develop a system for informing the public about the rights that can be exercised within the social and child care system in order to increase access to the rights through development of a comprehensive data base and information system;
  • Simplify procedures and administration for exercising the rights which belong to the system of social and child care;
  • Develop measures to include beneficiaries of the family material support who are able to work into the programmes of employment and different forms of engagements;
  • Identify the needs of beneficiaries and the strategic harmonized planning of services both on the local and on the national level, with a view to avoiding any segmented and uncoordinated implementation of the goals and unclear division of the roles and responsibilities of individual systems;
  • Develop services that support life in the community and ensure that the beneficiaries in the system of social and child care use the services in their immediate communities;
  • Stipulate the norms and minimum operational standards for the work of the centres for social work, with more detailed conditions for the assessment and planning and urgent interventions; and introduce one of the new methods - case managers;
  • Introduce the system of quality through stipulating the conditions for provision of various services - system of accreditation (training programme for expert staff and other persons active in social and child care), licencing and certification;
  • Introduce the system of supervision of the expert part of the work and of the standards of professional and ethical conduct of professional staff in the social and child protection (Code of Ethics);
  • Implement the project "Information social care system - Social Card", in order to ensure provision of support to the poorest households. 
Targets for MDG1
  1. Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
    • Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Poverty gap ratio
    • Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
  2. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
    • Growth rate of GDP per person employed
    • Employment-to-population ratio
    • Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
    • Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
    • Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption