6 Reduce child mortality
Where we are?
The statement that the goal planned for 2015 has been achieved goes for 2011-2012 reporting period as well. Fluctuations in the values of this indicator result from the "small numbers" phenomenon (small changes in the mortality of children of the specified age significantly change the values of indicators). Montenegro has so far achieved the Goals related to the reduction of the mortality rate defined in the policy Health for all of the World Health Organization (WHO) and in the Strategy for Development of Health Services by 2015.
In spite of the fact that it is very important that Montenegro continues improving the values of this indicator and reducing the rate below the target value with a view of getting closer to the rate of developed countries.
It is necessary to:
- Work on the promotion of health and prevention of diseases related to pregnancy, birth and early development of children, in order to create necessary conditions for a healthy beginning of life for every child.
- Pay more attention to prevention activities in several sectors in order to ensure reduction of the number of accidents that happen to children and present a frequent cause of death in this population group.
- Reform the system of health care and develop it further with a view to ensuring priority protection of particularly vulnerable population categories. In the field of child protection it is also necessary to work on the activities of promotion of health and prevention of disease.
- Strengthen activities on the promotion of health and prevention of diseases the monitoring of which is made more difficult by inadequate registration of activities in the guidance clinics. Another obstacle also lies in the insufficient engagement of multi-sectorial bodies that are responsible for monitoring and evaluation of the activities from the National action plan for children.
- Work on ensuring that all children have their chosen paediatricians, as well as on informing and motivating parents to ensure full vaccination of their children and on more accurate registration in social systems. Obstacles in the implementation are related to the social, economic and education status of mothers and to inadequate monitoring of the post-partum period, particularly for the children who have not chosen their physicians.
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG4
- Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
- Under-five mortality rate
- Infant mortality rate
- Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles