6 Improve maternal health

Where we are?

Art work created in July 2010 in Bijelo Polje, Montenegro. During the Art Colony, organized by the UN System in Montenegro, around 40 artists from Europe depicted and sculpted the pain of poverty.


In the case of this Goal Montenegro is faced with the same issue as in the case of the Goal 4 - the problem of the change in data registration. Since it used to be possible to monitor these data, they were presented in the last report - in 2008 and 2009 no woman was registered that died due to pregnancy, delivery or in the post-partum period and every birth was attended by qualified medical professionals. Therefore the estimate of the last report was that the planned goal for 2015, which had already been achieved at that time, would remain stable. However, since the data are not available any more, it is not possible to monitor these two indicators.

Recommendations for overcoming the obstacles in the implementation of this Goal:


  • It is important to define precisely the process of monitoring and evaluating the data on the deaths of women in pregnancy, during labour and in the post-partum period, as well as all other data related to these periods of life.
  • It is very important to develop the activities of the guidance clinics for reproductive health within the prevention centres in the health centres and to follow more adequately the implementation.
  • Monitoring of the health status of women who, during pregnancy visit physicians in the private health sector, has to be included in order to obtain more complete evaluation of the health status of women.
Targets for MDG 5
  1. Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio
    • Most maternal deaths could be avoided
    • Giving birth is especially risky in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, where most women deliver without skilled care
    • The rural-urban gap in skilled care during childbirth has narrowed
  2. Achieve universal access to reproductive health & inadequate funding for family planning is a major failure in fulfilling commitments to improving women’s reproductive health
    • More women are receiving antenatal care
    • Inequalities in care during pregnancy are striking
    • Only one in three rural women in developing regions receive the recommended care during pregnancy
    • Progress has stalled in reducing the number of teenage pregnancies, putting more young mothers at risk
    • Poverty and lack of education perpetuate high adolescent birth rates
    • Progress in expanding the use of contraceptives by women has slowed & use of contraception is lowest among the poorest women and those with no education