6 Ensure environmental sustainability
Where we are?
On the basis of the projects and the activities implemented so far, it can be concluded that there is high likelihood that this goal will be achieved within the deadline.
Achievement of this Goal is measured against 2 targets:
- Integrate the principles of sustainable development into the state policies and programmes and stop the loss of environmental resources;
- By 2015 reduce the proportion of the population without access to drinking water and sanitary conditions.
Key challenges within this Goal are:
- Development of high quality project documentation and its revision;
- Ensuring spatial planning preconditions for the implementation of the project and solving the property issues (within the competences of the local self-government);
- Ensuring that the share of grants in the financing of projects is as high as possible to improve their sustainability.
Recommendations for overcoming the obstacles in the implementation of this Goal:
- It is necessary to organize public consultations with the local population from the very beginning of establishment of the protected areas as well as to strengthen the capacities for managing natural resources on the local level through employment of professionals and training of the existing staff.
- To work on searching for the best model to manage the protected areas in the sea in order to ensure creation of the basis for improving the capacities and expertise in planning, implementation and efficient management of the protected areas in the sea on the national and on the local level.
- To adopt legislation for the protection of the sea and coastal habitats and species.
- To work on the accession to the international network of the protected areas in the sea with a view to ensuring direct sharing of knowledge and experience.
- To ensure that the process of granting the status of protected area is in line with the categorization of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
- To work on the awareness raising and education in order to raise awareness on the importance and purpose of the protected areas in the sea.
- Serious investments are necessary in: the rehabilitation of the landfill of ashes, electric-filter plant in the Thermal Power Plant Pljevlja, implementation of the measures for the reduction of emissions that come from heating in the households.
- Significant room for energy rationalization is reflected in the measures envisaged for the reduction of energy intensity in all final consumption sectors, which depend on the possibility to introduce new/more energy efficient processes and technologies and lead to the reduction in consumption of large industrial consumers. This will certainly have a positive effect on the reduction of energy intensity.
It is also necessary to:
- Put priority on infrastructural energy efficiency measures through ensuring state budget funds and attracting funds from several resources (structural funds, development loans, grants, match-making, ESCO principle, etc.).
- Address and meet the goals for reducing energy intensity and improving energy efficiency in a long-run strategic framework through greening of economy.
- In order to overcome the problems and achieve targeted values of indicators related to the reduction of losses in the water supply network in urban areas, it is necessary to do the following: bring municipal water supply systems to the conditions that measuring can be done properly, if they are not in that state now; in the systems where the losses in the network are higher than 30%, inspection of the primary pipelines should be done and losses measured, while the losses in the secondary network should be detected and the identified breakdowns should be fixed; the central SCADA system for the remote supervision and collecting of data should be purchased and installed in all municipal water-supply systems, to monitor measuring stations data (flows, pressures and water levels in the reservoirs) on the central computer unit; identify and disconnect from the water supply system all the consumers that are not registered; reconstruct and extend water-supply network.
- As for the share of households connected to the sewerage network in urban areas, it is necessary to continue the started activities related to the extension of the sewerage systems in the mentioned municipalities within the planned time frame.
- As for the share of treated wastewaters in the total quantity of water in line with national legislation, it is important to continue the started activities of the construction of WWTP in the above-mentioned municipalities, within the required deadline so that the targeted values can be reached.
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG7
- Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
- Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
- Proportion of land area covered by forest and proportion of species threatened with extinction
- CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
- Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
- Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
- Proportion of total water resources used
- Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
- Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
- Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
- Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility
- Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
- Proportion of urban population living in slums