Coastal area management


Coastal area management project
Boka bay, Montenegro. Photo: UNDP in Montenegro

The coastal area of Montenegro is a region with high development potential, characterized by complex relations between human activities and environment, but also with the pronounced pressures on natural resources. In order to preserve its development potential, primarily through preservation of resource base and qualities of the natural and manmade environments, it is necessary to have integrated approaches in the planning and management of the coastal area. The concept of the Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) is embedded in a number of policies and strategic documents in Montenegro. The country has its National Strategy for Integrated Coastal Area Management, along with the ICZM Protocol, and is signatory to the Barcelona Convention and its protocols. Despite Montenegro’s strong commitment to sustainable development in the coastal area, there is an apparent need for further capacity building, training and awareness rising on the importance of integrated coastal zone management.

What is the project about?

The main goals of the Costal area management project for Montenegro are: to create necessary mechanisms that can help achieve sustainable development of the coastal area; to support implementation of national policies and the Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) Protocol; to promote integrated and participatory planning and management in the coastal area; to build national and local capacities for ICZM and raise awareness of the importance of the coastal area, complexity and fragility of its ecosystems and of the need for integrated approaches in managing them; as well as to facilitate the transfer of knowledge on ICZM tools and approaches.

Goal 1: Increase institutional capacities to understand, apply and use different integrated coastal zone management instruments through transfer of knowledge and training. National and local institutions remain under-capacitated to implement ICZM policies. Despite recent efforts to expand and improve monitoring in the coastal area, there is still a need for further development of the monitoring programme to bring it in line with requirements of MEDPOL and European Environment Agency. In order to address the existing challenges a series of trainings will be organised to strengthen human resource capacities in local and national administrations, natural resources management, tourism development, planning and monitoring institutions, as well as in the private sector.

Goal 2: Raise awareness of the importance of sustainable management in the coastal area. The project will strive to help raise awareness on the value of natural resources in this region, necessity to manage them in a sustainable and organized way using ICZM mechanisms.

Goal 3: Baseline studies enabling integration of ICZM principles. Activities will focus on provision of studies on coastal area, identification of the existing sources of information, analysis of watersheds and their impact on the coastline; analysis of landscape vulnerability and suitability.

What have we accomplished so far?

  • Prepared a study on hydrology (water quality and quantity data), along with a study on the natural risks;
  • Prepared a study on hydrogeology and geomorphologic characteristics of the coastal area of Montenegro with analysis of the seismic hazard and analysis of the soil erosion;
  • Provided GIS support for the preparation of the integrated coastal zone management plan and strategy;
  • Helped the country map its biodiversity (habitats/vegetation) for selected locations in the coastal area; and
  • Conducted a socio-economic analysis for coastal area management programme. 
  • Facilitated mainstreaming and capacity building of the Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) approach into the process of preparing spatial plans.
  • Conducted agriculture assessment of coastal area of Montenegro for the component of Coastal Area Management Programme.
  • Conducted vulnerability assessment of coastal area in Montenegro for the component of Coastal Area Management Programme.

Who finances it?

Donor Name

Amount contributed

Government of Montenegro

USD 194,600

UNDP (in kind)

USD   40,000


USD 230,000

Delivery in previous fiscal years

December 2013 USD 81,000

December 2012

USD 49,000

Project Overview
Project Start Date:
November 2011
Estimated End Date:
December 2014
Geographic Coverage:
Coastal area/Montenegro
Focus Area:
Economy and Environment
Project Officer:
Mr. Borko Vulikić
Tel. +382 20 22 30 38
Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism, Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Water Management, Institute for Marine Biology, public enterprise Morsko dobro, Environmental Protection Agency, local and international consultants, private sector
Related Documents
Project document