Disaster risk reduction

Overview

Floods in Montenegro in 2010.
Floods in Montenegro in 2010. Photo: UNDP in Montenegro/ Milos Vujovic, Mediabox

The negative impact of disasters on sustainable development is obvious. Besides the economic impact, emergency situations accentuate the existing vulnerability paradigms, which coupled with social and legal marginalization, create a vicious cycle for the poorest. Development can be truly sustainable only by factoring risk reduction in long term plans and by building capacity and resilience at all levels.

Almost all of Montenegro is exposed to frequent seismic events, with 40% of the area prone to seismic risks of magnitude 8 or more on the MCS scale. Forest fires, landslides, avalanches are perpetual hazards. The frequency of hydro-meteorological events, leading to emergency situations, is on the rise in Montenegro. The year 2010 saw floods impacting Montenegro twice; first in January and then in November-December. The year 2012 has also been challenging for disaster responders in the country; first with heavy precipitation, which led to a declaration of state emergency, and then country wide intense heat, forest fires and a drought like situation in the north.

What is the project about?

The project activities*** will be directed towards one main goal: The national focus on disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness is strengthened through the policy and capacity development support provided to stakeholders at various levels.  Risk and extent of disaster-related damages and losses is to be reduced through identification and execution of measures aimed at reducing the risk before disaster happens, as well as those aimed at more effective response and recovery during and after disasters, including identification of risk mitigation projects with involvement of local communities.

***The project was initially designed as a mechanism for developing seed initiatives that would spin off into programs in sustainable development. These resulted in establishment of a protected area program within the CO and environmental monitoring program. The disaster risk reduction program is the final component that is under development as a segment of this project, and this topic is addressed in this fact sheet.

What have we accomplished so far?



  • UNDP supported Capacity Assessment for Disaster Risk Reduction for Montenegro, which has been conducted under the auspices of the South Eastern Europe Disaster Risk Mitigation and Adaptation Programme. The recommendations of this Assessment have been validated at the National Policy Dialogue and lead the Government’s DRR strategy development process.
  • UNDP Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery has conducted a complimentary DRR capacity assessment in 2011 for Montenegro to identify capacity gaps and understand desired capacities and made recommendations.
  • UNDP Montenegro has supported the Government, after the November-December 2010 floods, by conducting a comprehensive needs assessment and recovery matrix.
  • The UN provided humanitarian aid to the snowbound communities, in Montenegro, in February 2012 and offered further technical support to the Government.
  • UNDP Montenegro hosted the ‘Third UNDP Europe and CIS Disaster Risk Reduction Community of Practice Workshop’. A preparedness planning workshop, involving five hazard prone and socio-economically vulnerable municipalities, was conducted in Berane, jointly with the Sector of Emergency Management.
  • Preparedness Plans and Flood Risk Assessments are being conducted in 17 hazard prone municipalities of Montenegro, including 5 developed in joint cooperation with the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). This is being done along with the Directorate of Emergency Situations and the Municipalities. These assessments, coupled with trainings, build on international best practices and EU directives on risk assessment. GIS platforms are being used to map findings of the assessment.
  • Focus on community based disaster management and effective early warning systems have been highlighted at all levels and accepted as a priority.
  • To show case best practices, UNDP conducted a community based pilot on disaster management with the Roma/Refugee communities in the hazard prone municipality of Berane.

Who finances it?

Donor name Amount contributed
UNDP USD 121,000
UN FUND USD   30,000
GIZ USD     9,000
TOTAL USD 160,000

Delivery in previous fiscal years

Delivery 2013 USD   21,000
Delivery 2012 USD   35,000     
Delivery 2011 USD 100,000
Project Overview
Status:
Active
Project Start Date:
January 2011
Estimated End Date:
June 2014
Geographic Coverage:
Nationwide, Montenegro
Focus Area:
Economy and Environment
Project Officer:
Ms. Jovana Jovović
jovana.jovovic@undp.org
Tel. +382 20 22 30 38
Partners:
Ministry of the Interior - Directorate for emergency situations, local governments
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