Economy and Environment

In Montenegro, more than 60 percent of people living in poverty reside in the north of the country, where unemployment is double that of central and southern regions. This despite the fact that the north is home to 100 percent of the country’s hydroelectric potential, 67 percent of cultivable land, 71 percent of forests, 70 percent of cattle, all of the country’s known lead, zinc and coal reserves, and significant potential for year-around sustainable tourism (already accounting for some 17 percent of the region’s GDP).

Our Goals

Advancing market transformation toward low emissions, a resource efficient economy, resilient ecosystems and communities. The intention is to create green jobs, generate and conserve income, reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and dependence on energy imports. more

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Green future for Montenegro

UNDP provides assistance to Montenegro for a swifter market transformation toward low emissions, a resource efficient economy, and resilient ecosystems, economies and communities. The intention is to create green jobs, generate and conserve income, reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and dependence on energy imports.more

Our Stories

  • The Pavićević family lives more peacefully knowing they can heat their home and have a path to legal ownership. Photo: Vlatko Otašević / UN Montenegro;

    Making Houses Energy Efficient and Legal

    Energy efficiency and illegal housing settlements are not often linked. But since Montenegro has significant challenges from both, an innovative solution has been to do just that. The idea is simple. People in approximately 100,000 illegally constructed homes and buildings could draw on low-cost loans to invest in energy efficiency measures such as new insulation, doors and windows. These measures cut their energy bills. more

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  • Opening of the Refurbished Music Academy in Cetinje, old royal capital of Montenegro. Photo: UN in Montenegro/ Vlatko Otašević

    Beautiful Cetinje: Energy efficiency for the history and for the future

    The challenge of the century for Montenegro is to make resources go further – to do more with less. In order to be competitive economically, in order to create decent jobs and invest in health and education for its citizens, and in order to safeguard the unique natural resources it has been blessed with, Montenegro should aggressively address and cut inefficiencies, invest in clean energy production, local food production and the tourism industry.more

Projects and Initiatives

Coastal area management

The coastal area of Montenegro is a region with high development potential, characterized by complex relations between human activities and environment, but also with the pronounced pressures on natural resources. In order to preserve its development potential, primarily through preservation of resource base and qualities of the natural and manmade environments, it is necessary to have integrated approaches in the planning and management of the coastal area. more

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Featured Publication
Cluster Mapping of the Durmitor Region

The report serves as a demographic and socio-economic assessment of Montenegro’s Northern ‘Durmitor Region’.

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Energy efficiency based national formalization programme

UNDP would like to encourage the citizens of Montenegro to legalize their houses along with improving their energy efficiency at no additional cost


More info about our work on spatial planning