"Economic growth alone does not automatically reflect on progress when it comes to human development,” says “The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World,” the 2013 Human Development Report, presented by the UNDP globally in March and in Montenegro in April 2013. „Policies oriented towards the poor and significant investment in people's skills - placing emphasis on education, nutrition and health, as well as the skills needed for employment - can increase access to decent work and ensure sustainable development.“
The progress in Montenegro has been made over the last years in terms of human development in three basic dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living.
Between 2005 and 2011, Montenegro’s Human Development Index value increased from 0.757 to 0.771 - an increase of 2.0% or average annual increase of about 0.3%. Between 1980 and 2011, Montenegro’s life expectancy at birth increased by 0.9 years. Montenegro’s Gross National Income (GNI) per capita increased by about 24.0% between 2005 and 2011.
Montenegro ranks 52nd out of 187 countries and territories and is placed in the “high human development” category. Montenegro ranks better than some Western Balkans countries from the “high human development” category, such as Serbia (64), The FYROM Macedonia (78) and Bosnia and Herzegovina (81). At the same time, it is behind most of European Union member states, including Slovenia (ranked at 21), the Czech Republic (28), Estonia (33), Slovakia (35), Hungary (37), Poland (39), Lithuania (41), Latvia (44) and Croatia (47).
UNDP in Montenegro supports national evidence-based policy making through National Human Development Reports. The data, analyses and recommendations of the reports serve to accelerate the overall progress of Montenegro's accession to the European Union.
Human development is about expanding of people’s choices. These choices are diverse but the most fundamental are the choices to lead a long and healthy life, to be educated and to enjoy a decent standard of living. Other choices may include freedom of expression, association and movement as well as social justice and protection against discrimination based or racial, religious or ethnic origins, and ability to influence decision-making and contribute to society’s life.
The degree of development is usually measured by gross national product per capita. Instead of this measure, the UNDP promotes the Human Development Index (HDI). In addition to GDP per capita, our goal is to measure the level of education and life expectancy of the population by using the HDI. The human development data utilized in the preparation of the HDI and other composite indices are provided by a variety of public international sources and represent the best and most current statistics available for those indicators at the time of the preparation of national, regional and global Human Development Reports.
National Human Development Reports for Montenegro
The 2014 National Human Development Report, which is in preparation, will address possible implementation of a Resource efficient growth agenda based on the potentials, the existing barriers to implementation, and a description of the policy framework and necessary actions to move towards a more resource efficient, greener and more competitive economy which is fully consistent with the EU 2020 priorities and with advancing human development.
The 2012 National Human Development Report – ‘People are the real wealth of the country’ How rich is Montenegro? – was published in January 2013. The Report examines the availability of staff and human capital for EU membership, and what actions must be taken today in order to acquire these resources for the Montenegro of tomorrow.
The human capital represents all population of a country - employed and unemployed, housewives, rich and poor, old and young, and those who are yet to be born. The human capital is also knowledge, skills, health, experience, values, aspirations, innovative and entrepreneurial spirit - everything that makes us productive economically and non-economically.
TV Atlas of Montenegro, on their initiative and with their own resources, produced a unique TV edition of the National Human Development Report with expert support from UNDP CO Montenegro. The TV edition is in fact a serial comprised of 24 shows “Ja imam stav” (I have an opinion) in which ordinary citizens discussed the NHDR topics. In that way the Report went beyond usual hard and electronic copies and entered almost every Montenegrin home via TV.